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Lighting Terminology


  • What are LEDs?
    LED stands for Light emitting diode, LED lighting is very energy efficient and provides instant light at full brightness when switched on.

  • What is CFL?
    Compact Fluorescent Lamp, also referred to as energy saving light bulbs.

  • What do ES, BC, SES, SBC stand for?
    These are abbreviations for common light bulb bases:

    • ES = Edison Screw
    • BC = Bayonet Cap
    • SES = Small Edison Screw
    • SBC = Small Bayonet Cap

     

  • What is the difference between cool-white, day-light and warm-white?
    Cool white and warm white refer to the colour temperature of the light being produced by the Led or a globe. Colour temperature is measured in a unit called kelvin (k). The warmer or yellow light have a low kelvin rating (2700k-3200k), whereas the cool white or daylight have a higher kelvin rating (4000k- 6500k).

  • What is a Lumens?
    Lumen is a unit of measurement. It measures the amount of light from a light source.

  • What is Lux?
    Lux is a unit of measurement. It measures the amount of light that falls on an object.

  • What does CRI stand for?
    Colour Rendering Index (CRI) is defined as a light source’s ability to render colour using a number between 0-100. The higher the CRI, the better the light source renders every colour in the visible spectrum. To have what is generally considered good colour rendering, a source must be greater than 90 CRI.

  • What is a watt?
    A watt is a basic unit of electric, mechanical or thermal power. The strength of a light bulb or fitting is measured in watts. A 25w globe uses 25w of power. Light fittings have a maximum wattage that can be used, it is generally on a sticker located near the lamp holder. It is recommended that you do not exceed the max wattage in any fitting.

 

Light Globes / Light Bulbs /Lamps


Light bulb types

There are many different types of light globes to suit all kinds of light fittings from lights on the ceiling, on the wall, on the table and in the garden. The most common types of light bulbs are incandescent, halogen, compact fluorescent or LED.

Incandescent light globes are being phased out and replaced with more energy efficient globes, which will lower the cost of your power bill. Halogen globes are energy reducing and use approximately 30% less power than the incandescent globes; unfortunately they don’t last very long and have to be replaced frequently.

Compact fluorescent lamps and LED globes are the most efficient lighting option as they consume less power while still providing a good source of light. The benefits of LED globes as opposed to the compact fluorescent is that they turn on instantly whereas fluorescents take a few moments to get to full brightness.

If you are looking for a replacement globe the safest thing to do will be to bring along the light globe with you when you come in for the replacement.

How to select the correct light globe/lamp

When selecting light bulbs for your fittings, it’s important to think about what the light fitting is going to be used for. Is it task lighting? Or mood lighting? Will it be used often? These things will influence the type of globe you will need. Remember to always stay with the maximum wattage for the fitting as to not burn out the lamp holder.

If it’s being used often you could use an LED globe as they provide great light and are energy efficient. If the light is a touch light or has a built in dimmer you can’t use a fluorescent globe, your best bet is to stick to a halogen globe. You can always seek advice from Milton Lighting if you are unsure as to what type of globe you need.

 

LED Lighting


 

Important factors to consider when buying LEDs

 

Retrofitting LED globes

If you have existing light globes in your house, whether they be halogen, compact fluorescent or incandescent, there may be a suitable LED replacement globe available now.

By simply changing over your light globes, you can save money on your power bill, have a globe that requires changing less often and is better for the environment. Just a few things to consider when retrofitting LED globes.

If your existing lights are on a dimmer, it’s always a good idea to ensure the LED globe is dimmable and compatible with your current dimmer. Not all retrofit globes are dimmable.

If you are replacing 12v halogen dichroic globes with LED, ensure your transformer in the ceiling (this runs you’re your existing 12v halogen globe) will also run the LED globes. Not all led globes will run with any transformer.

Why do some LED cost more than others?

Like the quality, the cost of LED globes can vary greatly. There can be a number of factors that influence the cost of an LED globe or fitting.

These can be the quality of the light output, the materials it’s made from, where and how it has been quality control tested, the length of the warranty and the type of fitting.

The old saying ‘you get what you pay for’ springs to mind with LED globes and fittings. The upfront cost of LEDs can be a little more than we would like but the benefits long term far outweigh the initial cost when a good quality fitting is purchased.

 

Do LEDs have warranties?

Yes - LED fittings and globes should have a minimum warranty period of 12 months. Always Check the length of the warranty being offered. The length of the warranty can be a good indicator of the quality of the LED. Some of the LED fittings stocked at Milton Lighting have a 7 year warranty.

You should always keep your receipt when purchasing LEDs as you will need it if you need to make a warranty claim. Also, get the name of installing electrician and their electrical license number.

It is always wise to purchase from a reputable retailer or wholesaler. There are lots of LED products being imported and they may not be been tested or have a warranty.

 

Reading light / task light


  • Should I install or convert to LED?
    Yes converting to LED fittings or globes in your home is a great thing to do. LED’s are very efficient, using much less power than halogen or even fluorescent fittings/globes. If you are renovating or building or just want to retro fit your light globe LED is the way forward.

  • Are LED down lights dimmable?
    Most LED downlights can be dimmed, however there are a few factors to consider. Check the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure they are dimmable.

    • Check the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure they are dimmable.
    • Does the LED fitting have a recommended type of dimmer?
    • Check how many fittings need to be on the dimming circuit to ensure the minimum load of the dimmer is met.
    • If you are purchasing them from the builder or the electrician, ensure that you have seen a working sample and are happy with the light output. If you have any issues, the warranty will have to be done through the builder or the electrician as they have purchased the products on your behalf. It is important for you to know how they will process your warranty claim.
    • Check the length of the warranty on the fitting, how is the warranty dealt with?
    • Can your LED’s be dimmed? If so, do you know what the compatible dimmers are?
    • The quality of the LEDs does range greatly as can the light output and warranty length.
    • See the product before you commit to anything
    • The most important thing is to see the product before you commit to anything and you take the above factors into account.
  • Which light is best for reading?

    What to consider when selecting a task light:

    • Height, desk size and brightness
    • Magnifying lamps
    • light for art and crafts
    • Fluorescent light
    • Shadowless
    • Available as table lights or floor lights
    • Ensure that magnifying lamp comes with a lens cover
    • Can be a fire hazard
    • Lenses in optical instruments can cause considerable damage as a result of the ‘burning glass’ effect
    • Never place a magnifying glass in direct sunlight without a cover

     

    Kitchen Lighting


    • General kitchen lighting

      • Recessed Downlights
      • Flush mount / Oyster Light

       

    • Decorative kitchen lighting

      • Pendant lights
      • Strip lighting
      • Under- bench lighting

       

    • What to consider when purchasing lights for the kitchen

      • Location, e.g. centre of the kitchen, kitchen island, under bench lighting
      • Size of the kitchen, ceiling height
      • Task lighting or feature light
      • Reflective surfaces
      • Natural light
      • Shadows

      Decorative lighting in the kitchen
      If you have some features in your home that you want to draw attention to then pendant lights can be a good option. How many pendants are needed, the drop from the ceiling and the style of support will be matters your retailer can advise you about once they understand the location for the installation. Pictures of the location, on your phone may help to communicate what you would like to achieve.

      Options for kitchen lighting

      • Recessed ceiling lights: recessed led lighting
      • Flush mount ceiling light (Oyster Light)
      • Kitchen track lighting : led track lighting
      • Pendant lights for kitchen
      • Kitchen island lights
      • Strip lighting
      • Cupboard / Pantry lighting

       

      Bathroom Lighting


      • What to consider when selecting bathroom light fittings
        The most important light in the bathroom is the vanity light. But you will still, in all likelihood, need a general light. This might be a part of a Heat-Light-Fan unit or simply a down light or oyster style fitting, even a pendant. The choice would need to reflect constraints you may have e.g. ceiling height; location of facilities..

      • Selecting exhaust fans for bathrooms
        The choice of exhaust fan in the bathroom is of singular importance. One cannot forget the discomfort caused by excessive steam in the bathroom, especially when you wish to look at your visage in the vanity. The choice of correct exhaust fan can allay this issue. It may also be possible to incorporate heat lamps or lights. This could alleviate crowding of fixtures against the ceiling, which in-turn creates a more streamline look.

        We take into account size of space, amenities in the space (e.g. WC, shower), whether the various exhausts can dissipate in another way (e.g. it is an open plan bathroom, or window is often open) and regularity of use.

      • Bathroom ceiling lights
        Broadly speaking recessed LED down lights would be the predominant choice. Then, as mentioned in What to consider when selecting bathroom light fittings there are other ranges, such as oyster or batten fix style fixtures.

      • Bathroom wall lights
        In these exacting times of modernity, people are more often choosing lineal florescent or extruded LED, for their vanity even in period homes. Though, period style wall lights over the vanity or on an open wall can accent the “look” being created.

      • Decorative lighting in the bathroom
        Attractive decorative lighting merits serious consideration, especially in powder room situations. Initially, pendant and wall lighting spring to mind, however lighting a stunning vanity with a simple down light can also be striking.

      • How can I light my bathroom mirror?
        There are a variety of options for vanity lights available. The best option will depend on your room size, mirror, other bathroom lights, etc. Talk to some experts for their advice, so the outcomes can be tailored to your needs.

       

      Interior Lighting


      • Pendant lighting
        Pendant lights come in innumerable variants whether it be a particular period, say Art Deco or Federation.

      • Contemporary
        While it may be a period in time, using similar lights from the Cape Cod/ Hamptons to update or change your Queenslander is often construed as contemporary. Some Scandinavian styles in bygone days, would have been considered quite modern but now are present-day.

        We then come to modern pendants. This can be a slippery slope of definition, as lighting can be quite idiosyncratic. They can range from an iron filigree sphere with multiple lamp holders within, which will create a beautiful pattern on the wall to a cloth cord holding a single globe. A good rule of thumb could be to imagine the practicality of the fixture, for instance, how much light is required in the area and ease of changing globes or cleaning the fitting.

      • Wall lighting
        Wall lighting can be a lovely feature just as pendant lighting. It can be an interesting accent to light a hallway, maybe additional lighting in your dining room. They could be used as bedside fixtures, saving room on your bedside cabinet, keeping clutter clear. There are options for both period and contemporary.

      • Customised lighting
        Milton Lighting can have custom shades made. If you have a table or standing lamp, a new shade is a delightful way to update the piece. We have fabrics available to choose, colossal quantity of sizes with variants down to an inch. Hard back or soft backing (frequently used for silks), both types of lamp holder as well adjustments to recess height and finale fit. You can provide your own fabric and have it made to the size of your choice.

        Light fittings are frequently available in different metal finishes. Remember to ask, as sometimes the alternate colours may not be displayed.

      • Table lights
        Table lamps are an elegant addition to any sideboard, bedside cabinet or sunroom setting. They have the capacity to create erudite expression of ones’ taste. They enable you to have additional lighting or produce a warm ambiance for dining or conversation.

        Just like pendant or wall lighting there are many types of table or desk lights. Ranging from alluring ceramic bases with exquisite silk shades to an adjustable arm lamp that will provide plenty of clear light for work or study.

      • Floor lights
        In a similar way to table lights, floor lights can produce a more comely atmosphere then general overhead lighting. Is it not romantic to think of the blurred shadows a handsome shaded floor lamp could make in the corner of you living or lounge room?

        Perhaps with your next build or renovation contemplate having a GPO wired to a wall switch, so as to switch the lamp on/off from the wall. It will be much easier to control all of you lighting from one point rather than all over the room.

       

      Outdoor Lighting /Garden Lighting / Exterior Lighting


      • Outdoor lighting
        Your yard and garden is not a landing field. There is no need to use large quantities of fittings. A small number, judiciously used, can sire a wonderland of shadows and splendour that will make your outdoor, pagola, deck or exterior entertaining area an excellent space to utilise in the evening.

        Like the interior there are different types of exterior lighting. Attached or not attached to the house fittings could be 240 volt (mains), 24 volt or 12 volt (both low voltage) generally speaking. Fittings range from wall mounted coach/lantern light in 240v; a small LED 2w ground spike which can be used on a 12v or 24v system; a PVC bollard which uses 240v; a bunker in 240v. It comes down to what you want the fittings/light to accomplish.

        If you intend to purchase lights to add to an existing low voltage system you will need to know what type of transformer you have and what you currently have running on it. This way we can work out if there is space on the transformer for the additional lights.

      Decorative Lighting

      • Modern lighting
      • Contemporary lighting
      • Period lighting
        Glass light shades, glass pendant lights, glass wall lights, glass ceiling lights, lanterns, floating lantern, rustic ceiling lights, antique lighting fixtures, brass wall lights
      • Antique lighting
      • Tiffany lighting
      • Foyer lighting

       

      DIY Lighting


      Installation

      • Can I install any light fitting myself? Does the law require me to engage an electrician to install my fittings?
        Yes, it does. If you install the light fittings yourself or you use products that don’t meet Australian Standards you may be taking the risk that your insurer will not cover any losses should one of your light fittings cause fire.

      • Installation cost
        If you are doing a minor refurbishment, you may need to consider the benefit gained compared to potential outlays. Remember, there may be other associated costs: the cost of the electrician to install may be greater than the cost of the fittings; will you need to engage a plasterer or a painter if you change the position of the lights? Consider to retrofit LED globe to replace halogen globes. You may be able to do this change yourself.

      • How many fittings will you need?
        Before buying and installing light fittings, besides determining where lights are needed, also consider ceiling height, room size and how you intend to use the room. What you need in work areas will be different to what you will need in a bedroom or garage. See us at Milton Lighting for more information and see what options are available.

      • I’ve got raked ceilings. Will that reduce my light fitting options?
        Not necessarily. Speak with your retailer and explain your circumstances. Take along some pictures on your phone to show them. The better they understand your environment the broader the options they should be able to suggest to you.

      • Building Code of Australia (BCA)

        • Minimum efficiency levels
        • Residential requirements:
          • 5 watts per square metre for internal areas, such as bedrooms, living areas and hallways
          • 4 watts per square metre for exterior areas, such as balconies, verandahs, pergola areas
          • 3 watts per square metre for garages

         

      Cleaning your light fittings


      Just like anything else in your home, dust will settle on your light fittings. From week to week a light dusting will keep these fittings looking fresh, but at longer intervals a wash with a moist cloth will help to remove any dust build-up. Before cleaning ensure the lights are turned off and avoid excessive moisture. Allow time for any dampness to evaporate before using the light fittings again. With chandeliers, spraying a fine water mist over the crystals using a spray bottle will help remove loose dust particles, but then use a hair dryer to dry the remaining moisture allowing sufficient time for all moisture to evaporate before the chandelier is switched on.

      RubGum Lampshade Cleaner. Use this dry cleaning sponge to clean your fabric lampshades. Rubgum brand dry cleaning "puff" is excellent for silk, rayon, cotton, parchment, suede, etc. and is harmless to colours, materials, and hands. No chemicals needed.

       

      Ceiling Fans


      • Which ceiling fan is suitable?
        Your ceiling fan selection will be influenced by ceiling height, room size and the type of ceiling fan you prefer. You will need to consider whether to have a metal or timber bladed fan, whether an extension rod will be required, whether wiring necessitates a remote control, etc. Here at Milton Lighting we can offer you the necessary advice.

      • Can extension rods be shortened?

        • Fan Light
        • Ceiling fan lights
        • Quality of fan
        • Cheap ceiling fans
        • Different styles of fans
        • Modern, decorative, alfresco, Hampton bay ceiling fans

         

        Buying online


        • What to look out for when buying online

        • Is buying lighting online cheaper?
          Well, it may be. What are the credentials of the internet supplier? What will you do if the product you buy is faulty or fails within the warranty period? Will you have to pay to send the goods back to the internet supplier?

          Suitable fitting

          The quality and effectiveness of light fittings does influence the price. Try to see a demonstration of how effective the light fittings are. There are plenty of cheap LEDs available on the market, but if they are less effective you might need more of them and that will add to the installation costs, a cost that may outweigh the additional cost of a more effective fitting.

        • Consider warranties when buying online.

         

        Lighting Design


        • Consultation for lighting plans in-store

        • Consultation for lighting plans on site

        • Consultation for garden lighting in-store

        • Consultation for garden lighting on site

         

        For more advice on lighting, call us on 07 3871 0045.